Paul Frederic Simon was born on the 13th October 1941 in Newark , New Jersey to Jewish Hungarian parents Belle and Louis Simon. His childhood was spent with his parents and his brother Eddie Simon in Kew Gardens Hills, Queens , New York City. Pauls musical career began at a young age, as far back as elementary school in a production of Alice in Wonderland in which he performed with his close childhood friend Arthur Garfunkel. They later attended Forest Hills High School together, where their musical tastes were further developed, and where they wrote their first songs and made their first recordings. The duo tried to emulate the sounds of 50s doo-wop and rock n roll, in particular the Everly Brothers, and Paul was also inspired by his father who was a bass player and bandleader in his spare time. Paul and Artie had their first taste of success as Tom and Jerry with the single Hey, Schoolgirl in 1957, which rose to #49 on the Billboard charts.
Tom & Jerry
After graduating from high school Paul attended Queens College , earning a degree in English Literature. He was briefly enrolled at Brooklyn Law School but his passion remained in singing and songwriting. Between 1957 (the year of Hey, Schoolgirl) and 1964 (the year of his first album, The Paul Simon Songbook), Paul wrote, recorded and released more than 30 songs under the pseudonyms True Taylor, Jerry Landis (The Lone Teen Ranger), and Paul Kane (Red Rubber Ball). He also recorded singles for other acts, including an unreleased demo in conjunction with Carole King. He had moderate success as part of the group Tico and the Triumphs
During this period he also reunited occasionally with Artie. Their most significant reunion occurred in 1963 when they formally adopted the name Simon and Garfunkel and recorded their first album Wednesday Morning 3am with Columbia Records. The album was released on 19th October 1964 and it passed virtually unnoticed. Interestingly though, it contained many original songs written by Paul including The Sound of Silence and He Was My Brother which when reworked several years later would bring the duo great success.
In 1964 Paul moved to England , being attracted to the social and music scene of the Old Continent. He would later often describe the years spent in England as the happiest years of his life. Here he wrote new songs, made new recordings, and performed gigs in folk clubs to earn a living. It was in the folk scene that he met his English girlfriend Kathy Chitty, an enigmatic figure who would later find her way into songs such as Kathys Song, Homeward Bound and America . Paul also performed in other European countries including France and Denmark . In 1965 he recorded his first solo album, The Paul Simon Songbook. With the valuable help of Judith Pieppe, a social worker who were among the first people to recognise Pauls unique talents, several songs from the solo album were featured on the Five to Ten program on BBC Radio. This proved to be an important break for Paul, as significant numbers of requests for his songs were made and as his solo music reached a wide audience for the first time.
Meanwhile back at home in the United States , The Sound of Silence was also beginning to gain popular appeal and was frequently requested on local radio stations. Recognising a unique opportunity, the producer Tom Wilson asked Pauls permission to overdub the original folk record with an electric rock sound consisting of an electric twelve-string guitar, bass and drums. The session players were the same as those working with Dylan on his album Highway 61 Revisited. Though he initially treated the new version with indifference, Paul soon found to his surprise that it brought the song even greater success. He would later recall that it was in Denmark before playing a folk gig that he found out the song had leapt from #101 to #59 on the Billboard charts, and from that moment on he knew that his life would be forever changed. By December 1965 The Sound of Silence had risen to #1. Paul immediately returned to the US to make new recordings of old songs from the Wednesday Morning 3am album, in the same style as the folk-rock The Sound of Silence. Thus began the highlights of his Simon and Garfunkel career. The resultant album Sounds of Silence reached #23 on the charts, followed by Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme (1966), The Graduate (1967), Bookends (1968) and Bridge over Troubled Water (1970), all enormous critical and commercial successes. During this period the duo were awarded numerous Grammies, including 7 Grammies for Bridge over Troubled Water alone.
More detailed information about the Simon and Garfunkel period of Pauls career can be found here
After the split of Simon and Garfunkel in 1971, Paul began to write and record solo material. His first album was the self-entitled Paul Simon released in 1972 . It went platinum reaching #4 on the US charts and #1 in the UK . The flavour of the music was remarkably different from that of his folk rock S&G days. Much of the music was inspired by Jamaican ska and reggae which he had recently discovered. Notable songs from the album include Mother and Child Reunion (recorded in Kingston , Jamaica ), Duncan, and Me and Julio Down by the Schoolyard.
Following rapidly in the wake of the first album came the light-hearted There Goes Rhymin Simon in 1973 . The album was a great success, reaching #1 on the US charts and #4 in the UK . There were also three hit singles from the album, Kodachrome ( US #1), Loves Me like a Rock (US #3) and Take Me to the Mardi Gras ( US #8). Other popular songs from the album include American Tune and Something So Right. During this period Paul collaborated with gospel groups including The Dixie Hummingbirds (featured on Loves Me like a Rock and The Jessy Dixon Singers who toured with Paul in 1974, from which resulted the concert album Live Rhymin.
The third solo studio album Still Crazy After All These Years was awarded the Grammy for Album of the Year in 1975. The single 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover reached #1 in the US , and the title track Still Crazy After All These Years, #5. The album also contained Pauls first collaboration with Artie post-S&G, on the song My Little Town. Some of the music from the album was written on piano rather than guitar, as Paul had developed calcium deposits in his left hand during this period. The album itself is more rueful and at times melancholic in flavour than its predecessors.
Following these three albums came a lull in commercial success for Paul. Although the albums One Trick Pony and Hearts and Bones are adored by many fans, they did not enjoy the same degree of public popularity. One Trick Pony was released in 1980, as the soundtrack to a film of the same title, for which Paul wrote the screenplay and also starred in as the main actor. The story is that of a struggling musician, Jonah Levin, and the personal and professional obstacles in his life. The film was not a success. However, the single Late in the Evening from the album did reach #7 on the US charts.
The next album Hearts and Bones was released in 1983 . It is considered by many fans to be Pauls most underrated album. The story behind its creation is complex, as it was originally intended to be a Simon and Garfunkel collaboration. The duo had reunited for a free concert in Central Park in 1981, for which an official CD and video recording were released. Following the immense success of the evening, they went on tour between 1982 and 1984 and had commenced recording together for a new album. However, conflict eventually came between the pair again and the album remained a solo work. Remarkable tracks from this album (although they remain unknown to much of the public) include Hearts and Bones, Train in the Distance and The Late Great Johnny Ace.
During the period between Still Crazy After All These Year and Hearts and Bones, Paul also worked on a number of other projects including songwriting for the movie Shampoo, acting in the Woody Allen film Annie Hall, and making various comic appearances on Saturday Night Live. A Greatest Hits album was also released in 1977.
The next period of Pauls career would transform his status as a musician as well as the realm of popular music. Following the commercial failure of Hearts and Bones, Paul travelled to South Africa , intrigued by an instrumental track Gumboots by the Boyoyo Boys. He first heard the sound on a tape given to him by his musical acquaintance Heidi Berg. In South Africa he met and worked with local musicians and became immersed in the street music of Soweto known as mbaqanga or township jive. He began recording in Johannesburg and eventually emerged with the album Graceland in 1986 . The album was buoyant and evocative, featuring a revolutionary fusion of American and South African musical forms. Many South African musicians featured on the album including Miriam Makeba, Hugh Masekala and Ladysmith Black Mambazo. Considered to be one of the pioneering examples of world music, it was an immense commercial success and won widespread critical acclaim. The album reached #1 on the UK and on the US charts, and featured hit singles such as Boy in the Bubble, Graceland and Homeless. It was also awarded the Grammy for Album of the Year in 1986 and the title track was awarded Record of the Year in 1987. However, the release of Graceland was also surrounded by controversy. Paul was blacklisted by the United Nations and the African National Congress for breaching the anti-apartheid boycott by recording in South Africa . Fortunately, his intentions of helping the indigenous population soon became clear, and he was removed from both blacklists in early 1987. An African tour soon followed along with the issue of a live recording: Graceland (The African Concert) .
Paul further expanded his international vision with the release of The Rhythm of the Saints in 1990 . Featuring another display of innovative musical experimentation, the project was inspired by and featured the sounds of Brazilian percussion and West African guitar. The indigenous music was seamlessly fused with American blues and jazz and the album reached #4 in the US charts and #1 in the UK . Paul launched an extensive world tour entitled Born in the Right Time, culminating in a free public performance in Central Park in August 1991, which drew crowds of an estimated 500,000 people. A CD and video recording of the event Concert in the Park was released.
A long hiatus followed in Pauls popular music career. Instead, he turned his attentions to musicals, working on a project which he had conceived for many years, exploring the story of an infamous Hispanic American Salvador Agron, convicted of a gangland double murder in the 1950s in New York . Paul collaborated with the Nobel-prize winning poet Derek Walcott on the production entitled The Capeman, which opened on Broadway in January 1998. Perhaps due to its controversial subject matter, the musical was a complete commercial failure, closing after only two months of performances. It did however receive some favourable critical reviews, including three Tony Award nominations. A studio album Songs from the Capeman was released in late 1998 and the music has hence been celebrated in a series of concerts at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in 2008.
Paul returned to the studio and emerged with the release of the album Youre the One in 2000 . Although it did not reach the commercial heights of previous albums, it was still considered to be an artistic success, receiving a Grammy nomination for Album of the Year.
Pauls most recent studio release Surprise (2006) also drew wide critical acclaim and reached #4 on the UK charts and #14 in the US . Innovative and fresh in its music and lyrics, it was co-produced with Brian Eno, who was accredited for the sonic landscapes of the album.
Apart from his studio projects, Paul has been involved in various tours (including a Simon and Garfunkel reunion tour in 2003), benefit and tribute concerts, television appearances and charity work notably with the Childrens Health Fund, a mobile paediatric program which he cofounded with Dr Irwin Redlener in 1987. A remastered box-set of his solo studio albums was released in 2004, and a comprehensive record of his poetic lyrics was recently released in the form of a book Lyrics: 1964 2008 . Following his most recent European tour of 2008 he is continuing work in the studio for a possible new album. The track Love in Hard Times has already been performed live on several occasions (First time : Montreux july 2008 ).
As a contemporary singer-songwriter of arguably unparalleled versatility and talent, Paul has been the recipient of many awards and honours throughout his career. Most notably, he is 12-time Grammy winner, and has been inducted twice into the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame (in 1990 as part of Simon and Garfunkel, and in 2001 as a solo artist). He received the prestigious Kennedy Centre Honours (Americas highest award to performing artists) in 2005, and his song Father and Daughter written for the animation The Wild Thornberrys Movie was nominated for an Oscar for Best Original Song for a Motion Picture in 2006. In 2007, he received a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, and in the same year he became the inaugural recipient of the Library of Congress Gershwin Prize for Popular Song. His music, spanning four decades of innovation and creativity, was celebrated through a month-long series of retrospective concerts at the Brooklyn Academy of Music in 2008.
Edie Brickell (30 May 1992 - present) 3 children
Carrie Fisher (16 August 1983 - July 1984) (divorced)
Peggy Harper (1969 - 1975) (divorced) 1 child
Although intensely private, Pauls personal life is the oblique subject matter of much of his music. His first marriage was to Peggy Harper between 1969 and 1975. Their son Harper James was born in 1972. Pauls second marriage was to Carrie Fisher from 1983 to 1984.
Paul Simon & Carrie Fisher
However the pair had a tumultuous decade long relationship preceding and following the marriage. In 1992, Paul married singer-songwriter Edie Brickell. The couple have three children, Adrian Edward (1992), Lucia Jean (1995) and Gabriel Elijah (1998) and currently reside in New Canaan , Connecticut .
Paul & Eddie Brickel